



The dot exercise grid is printed on the white working board.
This product provides practice in decimal system addition. With this material, the child further explores column addition and experiences the mechanism of "carrying".
Product size: 15 5/8" x 9 3/8"
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Age
7.
Materials
 Squares of paper inserted into a frame of glass or slate with columns headed 1, 10, 100, 1,000, and 10,000. The columns are divided into small squares so that there are ten in each horizontal row. At the foot of each column are two spaces, the upper one for carrying figures, the lower one for the result. There is a blank column at the right side where the problem to be done is written.
 Pencil
 Purple or orange pencil
 Ruler
Preparation
This work can be done after the Stamp Game in Addition.
Presentation
 Directress invites a child to come and work with you. Introduce him to the new paper and have him bring it over to the table.
 Show the child the different columns on the paper and introduce the child to the new number of 10,000.
 Directress tells the child you are going to write and addition problem.
 Write one on the right side of the grid.
 Have the child choose at least three more 4digit numbers.
 Once all numbers have been written, draw a line with the ruler and write in a plus sign.
 Look at the first number and write a dot in the units column for each unit in the first number.
 Repeat for the tens, hundreds and thousands.
 Repeat for each nember until the whole grid is filled with the appropriate amount of dots.
 Directress then counts the first row of dots in the units from left to right.
 When you get to ten dots, cross it out and make an orange dot in the first bottom large square.
 As you do so, say: “This represents one ten.”
 Continue counting the units in this same way. (Crossing off each ten units and marking with an orange dot.)
 Write the number of units left in the second bottom square.
 Look at how many orange dots you have in the units column.
 Mark that amount in a number in the tens column.
 Tell the child, “I am carrying over 2 tens.”
 Also place two orange dots next to the last pencil dot in the tens column.
 Repeat in this way for the tens column, the thousand, and the 10 thousand columns.
 Always carrying over what needs to be.
 Read the answer with the child, emphasizing the tenthousand number.
 For example: "Thirtytwo thousand, one hundred and fifty two".
 Have the child write the answer under the problem one the right side of the paper and show the child where we place the comma to separate the thousands.
 Read the whole problem with the child.
Control Of Error
The Directress.
Points Of Interest
Purpose
 To give the child further understanding of addition in the decimal System.
 To give the child a sense of an ability to work with large numbers.
 To emphasize the fact that in each catergory, there are never combinations that come to more than 9, so that it is just as easy to add tens of thousands together as it is units.
 The making of tens focuses on the child’s attention on the process of carrying.
 To further familiarize the child with the different categories.
 To give the child a first abstraction in the decimal System.
Variation
 Done in the same way as above, but this time have the child make the dots for all of the units, then all of the tens, then all of the hundreds, and then all of the thousands. This is to be done from the top unit to the bottom unit.
 The child can work alone, creating his own addition problems and finding the answers as he was shown.








